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Electrotherapeutics have a long history of scientists, researchers, and physicians dedicated to demonstrating the link between rejuvenation, and electrical current. Intensive research by scientists has made significant contributions to the pursuit of the relationship between electricity and cellular repair. Björn E. W. Nordenström demonstrated that damaged or wounded tissues, as well as healthy tissue, produced electrical stimulation potential that was unrelated to the nervous system's electrical activity. In the medical and aesthetic fields, microcurrent remains enormously popular.

Electrical Muscle Stimulation (EMS) is a sort of electronic stimulation used in health, sports medicine, and cosmetology. It uses electrical impulses to stimulate muscular contractions to strengthen weak muscles, reduce swelling and aid repair.

The body possesses a continuous stream of resonant electrical impulses that transport signals through living tissues by employing electrons, chemicals, and electromagnetic bonds. The tissues of the body are lined with water-hydrated matrixes that behave as semiconductors to allow electron transmission and communication of specific frequencies. Each cell, tissue, and organ have its frequency that it uses to synchronize its activities inside the body. Microcurrent is positioned to assist the complex biological and physiological phenomenon that has been seen throughout the history of electrotherapeutics. Electricity will follow the path of least resistance as it passes through tissue. Microcurrent uses micro-sized, pulsing current at one-millionth of an amp to resonate with the body's bio-electrical exchanges at the cellular level.

EMS stimulation skip cellular activity and instead target tissue, fascia, and muscle. When a microcurrent is delivered, impulses are generated that allows a chemical reaction to occur, resulting in the release of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) at the cellular level.

ATP is a high-energy chemical found in a cell's mitochondria. As ATP is gathered and produced in muscle, it may use this energy to create an effective loop consistent repair through all skin layers and muscle tissue.

Spectra Sculpt Quantum EMS Technology is calibrated with numerous wavelengths in the microcurrent and EMS spectrum to deliver maximum result.

The effects on human tissue of microcurrent and EMS is a rejuvenating process. The beauty effect can almost be seen as a pleasant sidenote.

Manually applied microcurrent has a regenerating outcome but will lose its beauty effect shortly after treatment. Some might not see any visible effect as it will not reach deeper tissue. Some mechanical pressure can cause micro trauma that can result in inflammation. Muscle stimulation (EMS) Will strengthen your muscles that will result in “lifting” you tissue back to its original placement and a cellular request in higher energy demand long after treatment, but using it solely will skip the cellular repair given from microcurrent.

Spectra Sculpt’s Quantum EMS technology is a combination of both, and was calibrated from a standpoint in knowledge of cellular biology and quantum mechanics / physics, focusing intensely on the beauty effect vs. soley engineering knowledge, commonly known today.

Having this combination will fruit in higher biochemical reaction inside the muscle tissue and all skin layers. This higher production inside the tissue will result in the request of more ATP continuously as well as reapir cellular damage.

The recipe lies in wavelength frequency and duration.

A pulsated current is a periodic current that fluctuates in value but not in direction. The wavelength of a wave is defined as the distance between two consecutive crests or troughs. It is calculated along the wave's path. Pulsated current can be tuned according to the application since current travels like pulses. The c=fλ equation (where c is the speed of light, f is the frequency and λ, is the wavelength) is only applicable to continuous current. Furthermore, the shorter the wavelength, the greater the penetration depth. Hence using shorter wavelengths is much better.

Transmission electron micrograph, showing a striated skeletal muscle cell in cross section. Among myofibrils, mitochondria and sarcoplasmic reticulum can be seen.

Microcurrent is bi-polar and considered sub-sensory, which means that the intensity does not generate any visual jolting muscular activity. Microcurrent also aids in the iontophoresis of water-based treatments, such as nourishing serums or ampoules, into the skin.

Ohm's Law's natural course allows this penetration from one probe to the other, permeating through the skin and facilitating effective product absorption. The quantity of current that flows through tissue is determined by the voltage and resistance of the tissue through which the electricity is delivered. Current must travel via the electrode, through the skin, through the underlying tissue, and back through to the other electrode. These variables determine the effect of the current on the skin, muscle, or tissue, as well as the resulting application. It should be emphasized that subcutaneous tissue has low resistance due to excess water, whereas the stratum corneum has stronger resistance due to its physiology and transepidermal water loss.

Fat and bone have the highest impedance to electrical impulses in the body, while muscles and nerves have the lowest. Resistance varies from person to person and from skin to skin. Microcurrent is administered at a frequency that does not elicit a nerve response but rather influences biological activity. Bioelectric current is often in the microamp range because it allows for more effective ion transport, which enhances cell metabolism and energy to occur within muscle fibers.

To clarify further, physics identifies that muscle stimulation and current intensity are synchronized. The power of a muscular contraction or sensory impact is defined by the number of nerve fibers activated, which is dictated by the current's intensity. Greater current intensities will transfer further into a tissue, eliciting a nerve reaction. Electrical stimulation of the motor neuron of a muscle cause both immediate and long-term effects. Short-term effects include muscular contraction and vascular alterations, whereas long-term, chronic stimulation may result in muscle strengthening and structural changes in muscle fibers.

A study conducted at the University of Louvain in Belgium concluded that the greater the microcurrent values, the less favorable the effect. The study discovered that when microcurrent values of up to 500 microamps were employed, skin regeneration improved by nearly 500 percent. Adenosine triphosphate generation fell rapidly between 1000 and 5000 microamps, and at or above 5000 microamps, it fell below baseline control levels. Microcurrent responds at the cellular level and with less electrical stimulation than other forms of current.

Microcurrent waveforms are graphical representations of the course, shape, direction, and pulse of electrical current delivery. Spectra Sculpt generate waveforms at the same time, influencing tissue at different intervals with laxity or intensity and allowing for changes in peak current delivery. Waveforms allow Quantum EMS to permeate cells at different frequencies and depths, whereas direct current does not.

Dr. Bert Sakman and Dr. Edwin Neher were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology/Medicine in 1991 for their work on the effect of microcurrents on the physiology of human cellular membranes. The electrical impulses and frequencies of microcurrent could cause an open exchange in the "voltage sensitive cellular ion channels" within each cell. Cells communicate to conduct the activity –

microcurrent promotes "communication," that send energy to neighboring cells, and provides a mechanism for electrical signal propagation. Action potentials are caused by the fast exchange of intracellular and extracellular ions. All cell membranes feature several channels or gates that allow ions to enter and exit the cell.

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